The River Ganga is one of the major rivers in India which descends from the mighty Himalayas into the Northern plains. The Indo-Gangetic plains have been the cradle of civilization for centuries and has sustained half a billion people and perhaps an even greater number of lives. The Ganges has been a boon to the nation’s earliest empires; in Indian mythology, the river purges the sins of believers upon the holy dip and festivals of religious pilgrimage are organised around its banks with immense fervour.
With Delhi as a touchpoint, this journey begins by tracing the course of the holy river along the foothills of the Himalayas in Rishikesh and Haridwar. Descending onto the plains in Lucknow, we follow the Ganges as it meanders into Allahabad, the city of a sacred confluence and Varanasi, the holy town of Lord Shiva and a consuming spiritual flight. This journey concludes at the first colonial capital of India and the largest city on the banks of the Ganges, Kolkata.
Hailed as the capital city for more than a century, Delhi remains to be the seat of political power for modern day India. Protected by forts and ramparts, the walled old city throngs with stories of a wealthy past. The metropolis of New Delhi continues to develop exponentially retaining within it the charms of the olden days. The pink sun rises over the royal Mughal gardens and lights up the dewy sandstone forts and monuments from its various pasts.
Eventually, to be met with Yamuna down the plains, the holy Ganges descends from the lofty Himalayas and courses into Haridwar and Rishikesh, offering immersion into the ancient art of meditation and yoga. Brought into the limelight with the arrival of the Beatles, this spiritual centre is filled with devotees, travellers, and locals meditating by the riverbanks. Also called the Yoga Capital of the World, the people of this land have mirrored their ancestors who once recited chants at the prayer service for the river in a spectacular ritual called the Ganga Aarti and performed ablutions in the flowing river water.
Moving deeper into the plains, Lucknow greets a tributary of the Holy Ganges with its quintessential charm. The capital city of the empire of the Nawabs of Awadh, its contribution to the fields of literature, poetry, music and dance is unparalleled. Lucknow’s real charm lies not only in its monuments of Indo-Islamic architecture but also in the Tehzeeb-o-Saqafat or culture and sophistication of its people.
Further south in Allahabad, the sacred river of Yamuna, personified in Yami as the goddess of life, merges with the Ganges and the mythical Saraswati to form a holy confluence of absolution. In its cluster of Hindu temples along the confluence, attended to by learned priests and flocked with devotees, the city endures as a site of Hindu pilgrimage. In a smattering of exquisite Indo-Islamic heritage, the city prevails as a Mughal emperors' abode of the gods.
Changing course to head eastward, the holy river meanders to a city that has seen men, kingdoms and gods pass by. One of Hinduism’s seven holy cities, and an important Buddhist centre, Varanasi was once a fertile land of philosophy, theosophy, medicine and learning. The remnants still linger in its narrow lanes and the slippery ghats, inhabited by the locals, devotees, sadhus, aghoris and throngs of travellers who visit the city looking for salvation, religion, peace and whatever there is.
Further on, the holy river debouches into the plains of Bengal. It's capital Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the largest city on the banks of River Ganges. The river is called Hooghly here. Kolkata is the centre of Bengali culture and the cultural, commercial and the educational hub of Eastern India. Besides a glorious view of the Victoria Memorial, one of the many remnants of Kolkata’s colonial past, the St. Paul’s Cathedral stands as an excellent tribute to the ‘British Calcutta’ before it wisps into the cultural rituals of the Far East.
One of the oldest cities in India, Allahabad is a centre of holy significance, hosting some of the largest gatherings of pilgrims in its hallowed lanes. Ancient India knew it as Prayag, ‘the place of offering’ at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna, and Sarasvati rivers, while Akbar of the Mughal dynasty established the city of Ilahabas, ‘the city of God’, the forerunner of Allahabad today.
Delhi is an enchanting medley of influences, one foot deeply grounded in time-revered traditions, whilst the other steps forth confidently into the future. The country's capital is a labyrinth of old structures speckling the suburbs juxtaposed with concrete blocks and crowded avenues. It is one of India's multifaceted cities, embracing diversity, while simultaneously offering the traveller historic masterpieces and a taste of contemporary India.
Haridwar is considered one of India's most sacred city's and the center of Hindu religion and mysticism. Situated on the banks of the Ganga, it is considered to be one of Hinduism's seven holy cities. Haridwar translates directly into the "Gateway of God", and is one of the most popular places of pilgrimage in all of India. Every year millions of Indians come tho this city to bathe in the Ganga and have their sins washed away.
One of the four great urban centres of India, Kolkata is, to its proud citizens, the equal of any city in the country in charm, variety and interest. As the showpiece capital of the British Raj, it was the greatest colonial city of the Orient, and descendants of the fortune-seekers who flocked from across the globe to participate in its eighteenth- and nineteenth-century trading boom remain conspicuous in its cosmopolitan blend of communities. The city’s name comes from the fierce form of Goddess Kali and is home to a magnificent temple dedicated to her. The Bengali words Kali, the name of Goddess and Khetro, the abode, merge to give the city its name.
The city of Nawabs, Lucknow is the sister of Delhi in terms of its abundant Islamic heritage with its delectable cuisine and meticulous embroidery traditions. An important centre of learning and culture in the days of old, Lucknow continues to be steeped in its rich and refined traditions, offering to its inhabitants and visitors some of the best experiences in art, cuisine, and ethos.
Rishikesh is an important Hindu pilgrimage centre and finds mention in the epics. This is where the smaller streams all flow out of the mountains to converge into the mighty river Ganges. The rapids of the river leaving the mountains make for some of the most sought after rafting destinations in India. The famous Ram Jhula and Lakshman Jhula, two suspension bridges across the river, offer spectacular views of the Shivalik Mountains that surround the town.
Benaras or Varanasi is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities of the world, finding mention even in Hindu mythology, a site of holy pilgrimage against the backdrop of the Ganges. Illustrious with the light of a thousand devotees, Benaras is intricately tied to Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, resulting in the existence of hundreds of temples along the banks of the river.
Visit various ancient Hindu temples that are distinguished by the lofty white-marble spires. Wander along their gates to explore small markets, teashops and flower-sellers.
Visit a community of kumars or “potters” along the banks of Hoogly who hand-craft lavish statues of voluptuous goddesses used for the city’s religious festivals.
Go back in time to visit the architectural triumphs of the Slave dynasty and the Mughals. Explore the ancient alleyways of the bustling bazaars and travel to the political heart of the city.
Take a traditional initiation in liturgical worship with a local priest who will guide you through a series of mystical offerings to cleanse you internally and as you hear the Sanskrit chants.